In 1866, Millicent Garrett Fawcett began leading a powerful, mass campaign to get women the vote, using peaceful methods to achieve women’s suffrage. Sixty years later she had achieved her aim.
Millicent worked alongside the Suffragettes, who employed different, and more militant, tactics in their campaign. Her skill was to navigate the case for women’s suffrage through Parliament using her intimate knowledge of the democratic process, hard-headed rational thinking and constant good humour. Millicent campaigned on many issues and was also a published author.
From the beginning, Millicent took an interest in women’s empowerment in its broadest sense and argued that achieving women’s rights was integral to achieving social justice. The suffragette colours were green, white and violet which stood for Give Women Votes. The suffragist colours, by contrast, reflected their broader concerns: green, white and red or Give Women Rights.
Dame Millicent Garrett Fawcett died in 1929. Her work has continued ever since, with the Fawcett Society renamed in her honour in 1953.
Listen to a documentary about Millicent Fawcett below.
A Timeline of Fawcett’s History
Information collected by Dr Jane Grant.
The oldest biography of Millicent Fawcett is Ray Strachey’s Millicent Garrett Fawcett, London: John Murray, 1931.
Other useful books are:
Leslie Parker Hume, The National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies, 1897-1914, New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1982.
Elizabeth Crawford, Enterprising Women: The Garretts and their Circle, London: Francis Boutle Publishers, 2002. Chapter 6, ‘Citizenship’, has a lot about Millicent.
Elizabeth Crawford, The Women’s Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide, 1866-1928, London: Routledge, 1999.